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HomeResourcesTechnical and Vocational Education and Training in Indonesia: Challenges and Opportunities for the Future

Technical and Vocational Education and Training in Indonesia: Challenges and Opportunities for the Future

04.01.2019 by SEA-VET Content

Dr Suzaina Kadir, Mr Nirwansyah and Ms Bianca Ayasha Backrul.

Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore

Year of Publication:

Country in Focus:

Area of TVET:
Systems, Curriculum, Delivery (teaching and learning), Regional/global integration (qualification framework, mutual recognitions, harmonization, etc.)


This case study is about the development of, and future for, vocational education in Indonesia. Section 2 provides an overview of Indonesia’s education system and the impact of decentralization on the education structure. Section 3 explores Indonesia’s TVET system, focusing on vocational education and technical training. Section 4 discusses the Indonesian Quali cations Framework (IQF/Kerangka Kerja Nasional Indonesia) and its implications for vocational education. Section 5 examines the integration of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) in vocational education. Finally, sections 6 and 7 analyze the challenges and opportunities for vocational education in Indonesia.



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