Technical and Vocational Education and Training in Indonesia: Challenges and Opportunities for the Future
This case study is about the development of, and future for, vocational education in Indonesia. Section 2 provides an overview of Indonesia’s education system and the impact of decentralization on the education structure. Section 3 explores Indonesia’s TVET system, focusing on vocational education and technical training. Section 4 discusses the Indonesian Quali cations Framework (IQF/Kerangka Kerja Nasional Indonesia) and its implications for vocational education. Section 5 examines the integration of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) in vocational education. Finally, sections 6 and 7 analyze the challenges and opportunities for vocational education in Indonesia.