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HomeResourcesSkill Development in the Informal Sector in China, Thailand and India: a Case Study of Street Food Vendors

Skill Development in the Informal Sector in China, Thailand and India: a Case Study of Street Food Vendors

02.09.2018 by SEA-VET Content

Gengaiah, Uma; Li, Jun; Hanvatananukul, Sirilak; Prontadavit, Nonthalee; Pilz, Matthias

Regional Association for Vocational Teacher Education in East and Southeast Asia

Year of Publication:

Country in Focus:
Global, Thailand

Area of TVET:
Skills (mapping, recognition, in-demand etc.)


Asian countries such as India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Cambodia, Vietnam and China are subjugated by the informal sector in adjacent to informal learning. This study seeks to decipher how individuals obtain knowledge and skills in the informal sectors by examining the population percentage employed in the informal sectors. Due to the existence of a large number of street vendors, this field-based research have accumulated data from major metropolitans in China, Thailand and India using Informal Learning theory-based interviews.
The study found that the majority of street food vendors in China, Thailand and India obtain most of their catering and business management expertise from prior work experiences. Informal learning from real work experiences is the key factor in the procurement of skills and knowledge instead of formal schooling. The learning occurs in diverse settings such as family, community, neighbours and friends. Thus, emphasis on informal adult learning has the ability to reinforce skill growth in developing and transition countries.



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