Global Education Monitoring Report 2023 | Southeast Asia
Technology in Education: A tool on whose terms?
CAN TECHNOLOGY SOLVE THE MOST IMPORTANT CHALLENGES IN EDUCATION?
Digital technology is rapidly transforming many aspects of society and the economy in Southeast Asia and is beginning to leave its stamp on education. This edition accompanies the 2023 Global Education Monitoring Report, which acknowledges technology as a useful tool but invites the education community to question on whose terms it is deployed.
Three main challenges are considered:
In terms of equity and inclusion, while technology helps lower costs to access education, internet connectivity at home is highly unequal by wealth and location, and less than half of rural schools in the region have internet.
In terms of quality, digital technology can enliven student experiences and facilitate learner collaboration. Yet rigorous evidence of its impact is rare. While new technology may overcome some constraints, it brings its own problems, including increased screen time and risks to children’s privacy.
Improvements to efficiency may be the most promising, whether by freeing up time for more meaningful education activities or by generating large volumes of valuable data. However, each tool has major implications in terms of regulation and capacity development.
Three conditions need to be met for technology's potential to be fulfilled: equitable access to technology, appropriate governance and regulation, and sufficient teacher capacity.
Supporting this publication is a series of country profiles on PEER, a policy dialogue resource describing policies and regulations related to technology in the region’s education systems.
Based on the approach of the 2023 Global Education Monitoring Report, this regional edition recognizes that Southeast Asia is characterized by a variety of contexts and levels of resources. Each country will integrate technology in education in their own specific context. This report first investigates the equity, inclusion, quality and efficiency challenges facing education systems and examines the processes through which technology can contribute to improved education outcomes. It then examines the essential conditions that need to be met for technology’s potential to be realized, with a focus on the equitable distribution of ICT infrastructure, evidence-driven decision making, regulatory frameworks and human resources.
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