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Reducing Youth Unemployment in Indonesia

Identifying Financial Strategy for TVET

05.07.2023 by Content Admin

Fandy Anggara Putra

Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan

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Abstract. With a large youth population, Indonesia faces both the challenge and the opportunity to increase its capacity and maximize its contribution to the country's economic growth. Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) is an avenue to connect school and workplace environments directly and accelerate its graduates employed in the very early stage of their careers. However, existing TVET institutions, especially in upper secondary education, still need to be improved due to their low employment rate compared to other graduates from different educational streams. Using quantitave and qualitative approaches, this research aims at analyzing the impact of TVET on employment and wage levels and identify financial strategies that can be implemented to improve TVET graduates’ quality. Based on quantitative analysis using entropy balancing and instrumental variable method, the impact of vocational secondary school on employment and wage levels is more prominent in the younger graduates and diminished in the older age group. This situation raises concerns about how to strengthen existing TVET institutions so they can provide updated skills and knowledge and maintain TVET graduates' competitive advantage throughout their careers. 

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