A need analysis of Cippo Evaluation Model Components as a quality escalation of cooperation program with industries
Vocational School Perceptions in West Java
Industry-vocational school cooperation facilitates school-to-work transitions, addresses the skills shortages of prospective employees, provides opportunities for students to experience various careers, and increases learning effectiveness. The Indonesian government launched the Link & Match program that connects vocational schools with industry in a collaborative framework, including curriculum alignment, fruitful teacher training, vocational student work practices, provision of workplace trainers, and strengthening of teaching factories. The CIPPO evaluation model (context, input, process, product, output) is needed to improve the quality of the collaboration results. This study aimed to analyze the components of the optimization needs of the CIPPO evaluation model according to the perspective of vocational high schools. This study used questionnaires and interviews to collect data. In total, 16 vocational schools in West Java, Indonesia, were involved in this study. The study results indicate a need for a CIPPO evaluation model with the context, input, and product aspects. The outcome aspects are necessary for escalating the quality of the cooperation program between the vocational schools and industry from the perspective of vocational schools in West Java. Future research is necessary, referring to the industrial prospect. This research can apply as a reference in developing a link and match program evaluation application that will assist the Directorate General of Vocational Education, Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia. This research should be a model for institutions outside Indonesia, such as SEA-TVET, a consortium of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) providers from Southeast Asian (SEA) countries, and universally to strengthen partnerships between TVET institutions and the industrial sector.