TVET for Youth Employment in Myanmar during the COVID-19 Pandemic and After
Best Practices in TVET Policies Coping with COVID-19 Crisis: UNEVOC Network East and Southeast Asia Cluster Countries
ABSTRACT. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a huge impact on Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) worldwide due to the closure of TVET institutions and training centers and the limitations of social distancing, making it difficult to arrange training and employment for youths. Currently, to promote the TVET sector, youth employment, and continued learning in Myanmar during the pandemic, a digital learning management system has been introduced in TVET institutions for regular full-time students and adult learners. Additionally, digital campuses and IT infrastructure, including affordable access to computers/laptops and the internet for teachers, have been established. Furthermore, digital learning content related to TVET programs is being made available via the Myanmar Digital Education Platform.
This study aims to highlight the implemented TVET activities for youth employment across Myanmar during the pandemic and after. To achieve this aim, we collected, synthesized, analyzed, and evaluated the data on the TVET programs and implemented activities in Myanmar, based on previous literature and reports. Based on the analysis, we have specified the major human resource development activities being implemented for youth employment in Myanmar during the pandemic and after —the national COVID-19 response and recovery plan, a digital learning management system, capacity building of teachers and trainers, school management training, training via blended teaching-and-learning methods, preparation for the reopening of schools, etc. Moreover, a comparison between the regular and new approach in the TVET sector for youth employment in Myanmar is also presented. Finally, along with the descriptions of challenges and opportunities related to the TVET sector, the lessons learned from other countries and suggestions for the way forward are discussed.