Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training Project
According to a labour market assessment conducted in Lao PDR in 2010, several sectors including construction, furniture-making, and automobile and machinery repair faced skills shortages. At the same time, TVET enrolments in high-demand skill areas witnessed a decline thereby further intensifying skills shortages.
To address these skill shortages and develop skilled human resources, the ADB approved a $23 million grant for the ‘Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training’ project targeting 20,000 students.
The purpose of the project was to facilitate TVET that is easily accessible by students, responsive to labour market needs, and efficient in producing a highly skilled and diversified workforce.
Furthermore, to enable an inclusive TVET, the project developed a Gender Action Plan (GAP) and an Ethnic Group Development Plan to ensure that women and ethnic minority groups are also given equal opportunities in TVET.
The main objectives of the project were:
- To increase the number of workers in the labour force with formal TVET qualifications by 25% (50% for females) from 2011 to 2021;
- To increase female enrolments with at least 20% female enrolments in project’s three priority skills areas with low female enrolment and 40% in basic businesses by 2016;
- To increase ethnic group enrolment in certificate and diploma education in the four priority skill areas to 20%;
- To improve the quality and relevance of teaching as a result of teachers’ upgrading;
- To improve TVET institution management; and
- To improve governance due to increased participation by the private sector.
At the implementation level, activities supported the delivery of five key outputs: (i) improved quality of TVET, (ii) increased and more equitable access to TVET, (iii) increased private sector involvement in TVET strategy and delivery, (iv) strengthened governance and management of the TVET system, and (v) effective project management and implementation.
Project activities included capacity-building programmes for TVET personnel, development of competency-based training standards for jobs, construction of dormitories for students – particularly those from rural/isolated areas and vulnerable backgrounds, establishment of partnerships with private training providers, and development and implementation of a promotional campaign.
For more infomation on GAP, including strategies to address women’s access and equity issues in the TVET sector, please click here: https://www.adb.org/results/lao-pdr-closing-gap-addressing-skill-shortages-lao-pdr-2011
The project achieved all expected outputs:
- The National Assembly passed the TVET law in June 2014;
- Number of TVET students in public schools increased from 23,182 in 2014/15 to 30,221 in 2015/16 (number of female students also increased from 8,594 (37%) to 12,322 (41%) in the same period);
- Capacity-building programmes, specifically strategic management and leadership training were imparted to nearly 1,449 (326 female or 22%) senior management, teaching and technical staff;
- Over 490 teaching staff in seven public and two private TVET institutes received training on competency standards and Competency Based Training;
- Competency-based standards were developed for 17 jobs in four priority skills (Certificate III). Public-private partnership facilitated the development of national skills standards for four priority trades: construction, automobile and machinery service and repair, furniture and basic business;
- 11 student dormitories were constructed to house 2,200 students from rural/isolated areas, with six being reserved for girls with a capacity to accommodate nearly 1,200;
- Assistance training was provided to 5,031 students (1,658 females) belonging to poor rural households through voucher scheme;
- Practical technical skills training (specialist skills training programme) is being imparted by six private training providers to over 560 teachers and final year students;
- More than 3,000 young secondary students and unemployed persons are undergoing short-term training that is delivered by five private training providers;
- Career counseling is conducted every year (between April and May) at secondary schools, particularly in remote areas; and
- TV, radio and print media were used to run a social development campaign and programme.
Dr. Kongsy Sengmany
Ministry of Education and Sports
Lane Xang Avenue, Vientiane, Lao PDR
Project Data Sheet: https://www.adb.org/projects/42278-022/main#project-pds