Improving labour-market orientation, updating technical skills of TVET teachers or enhancing the public image of TVET – all countries in Southeast Asia face similar challenges and respond to them with targeted efforts. These efforts can be in the form of new national policies, legislation, plans or new support institutions to achieve larger goals, as well as the implementation of regional and national projects with defined timelines.
The SEA-VET.NET Initiatives section collects projects and policy-driven efforts to showcase how TVET line ministries and international organisations and donors address specific TVET challenges.
HomeInitiativesTVET Malaysia - a driver of TVET Transformation


TVET Malaysia - a driver of TVET Transformation

Posted on:
31.08.2018 by SEA-VET IT

Implementing Institutions:
Ministry of Human Resources (MoHR)

2017 (launch)

Scale of Initiative:

Governance, Promotion (image, perception, attitudes, marketing etc.), Sustainability (economic, cultural and environmental)



The National Transformation Programme (NTP) is aimed at taking Malaysia out of the middle-income trap - towards becoming a high-income economy by 2020. TVET in particluar plays a key role in achieving the goals and objectives of the NTP. In this view, the Government of Malaysia has taken various strategic steps to strengthen and transform TVET in the country.


TVET Transformation aims to:

  • Build a high-skilled workforce by supporting the country’s talent needs while transitioning into a high-income country;
  • Narrow the skills gap faced by the country;
  • Train 300,000 Malaysians from the lower income or B40 group from now until 2025;
  • Represent the aspirations of students and youth for future human capital development; and
  • Drive youth career development by making TVET an option that is worth considering.


It has been proposed that TVET transformation will be achieved by:

  • Acknowledging TVET as the third core in the 11th Malaysia Plan to elevate human resources development and making TVET transformation a focus area;
  • Allocating 30% of the Human Resources Deve­lopment Fund (HRDF) levy, by Pem­bangunan Sumber Manusia Berhad (PSMB), RM50 million, as a pool fund for TVET;
  • Collaborating with Skills Development Centres, polytechnics, universities and private sector companies, entailing an allocation of RM75 million;
  • Introducing TVET to tahfiz students to equip them with skills apart from memorising the Quran; and
  • Prioritising 21st Century skills and transferrable skills, such as by implementing Dual Language Programme (DLP) and Highly Immersive Programme (HIP) to cultivate students who are proficient in the English language without sacrificing the National Language.

One of the key efforts to achieve TVET transformation has been the proposal of TVET Malaysia in 2017 (formerly called the TVET Masterplan).

A strategic branding initiative, TVET Malaysia aims to centralise all TVET institutions, programmes and governance agencies that fall under the jurisdictions of seven different federal government ministries under a central federal authority. The Ministry of Human Resources (MoHR) is the driver of TVET Malaysia specially since it a) monitors labour market developments, and b) establishes, as well as oversees the National Occupational Skills Standards (NOSS). The Ministry of Education (MoE) and the Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE) also assist the MoHR in managing the masterplan.


Results achieved so far:

  • 68 million employed persons added (as of the fourth quarter of 2017) since 2010, out of which 27.2% are skilled workers;
  • 2nd in Southeast Asia on global human capital development performance; rise in world ranking from 42 in 2016 to 33 in 2017 as per Global Human Capital Report 2017 issued by the World Economic Forum with strong scores across the capacity, development and know-how components;
  • DLP implemented in 1,214 schools in 2017, compared to 378 schools in the previous year; and
  • HIP expanded to 5,526 primary and secondary schools nationwide, giving over 2.54 million students greater exposure to the global lingua franca.

Useful Links

TVET Malaysia Portal

National Transformation Programme Annual Report 2017 – Human Capital Development

National Transformation Programme Annual Report 2017 – Education

National Transformation Programme Annual Report 2017 – Overview

Media Coverage


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