Future ASEAN Agenda for TVET
The Future ASEAN Agenda for TVET entails 45 recommendations outlining action-oriented policy recommendations for labour-market oriented TVET reforms in the ASEAN region, which were developed by a group of 20 representatives from chambers, associations and companies from all ten ASEAN member states (AMS).
The Future ASEAN Agenda for TVET is the product of a regional learning process among ASEAN member states (AMS), which was initiated in 2018 by the ASEAN Secretariat with support from the German government’s Regional Cooperation Programme for Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in ASEAN (RECOTVET) with the objective is to identify challenges and solutions to strengthening business and industry cooperation in TVET.
For ASEAN – one of the largest economic communities in the world with rapid and stable growth since 2000 – the lack of adequately skilled workers is a crucial bottleneck for sustained growth, especially under the pressure of technological disruption. TVET is recognized as an important element in strategies to close prevailing skills gaps, yet in practice the school based TVET systems of AMS rarely meet expectations and TVET graduates fail to live up to the demands of business and industry. Engaging business and industry representatives in the planning and delivery of TVET has been widely recognized by AMS as the way forward, but cooperation between business and industry and the education sector remains scarce to this day.
Recognizing the need to move ‘from potential to realization’, the ASEAN Secretariat with support from RECOTVET launched a regional working group of TVET champions from business and industry at the 7th Regional Policy Dialogue on TVET, which took place in June 2018 at the ASEAN Secretariat in Jakarta, Indonesia. The Deputy Secretary General of ASEAN for the Socio-Cultural Community chaired the kick-off meeting and mandated the group with the development of action-oriented policy recommendations for labour-market oriented TVET reforms in the region. The work of the regional working group was subsequently also endorsed by the Senior Officials Meeting on Education during their 13th session in November 2018.
20 representatives from chambers, associations and companies from all ten AMS were selected as members. It was the first time that a regional working group on TVET was composed only of business and industry representatives. Over the course of 5 workshops between June 2018 and March 2019 the group discussed how to make TVET in the ASEAN region fit for the future. The Future ASEAN Agenda for TVET is the final product of the working group.
At the heart of the Future ASEAN Agenda for TVET are 45 recommendations. Each recommendation describes a specific activity or field of action that would either directly or indirectly strengthen the leadership of business and industry in TVET and ultimately contribute to improving the quality of TVET across ASEAN. The recommendations are grouped under 9 thematic headers:
- Enhancing the relevance and quality of TVET regulations and strategies
- Establishing public-private models for skill standard development and assessments
- Strengthening the leadership of business membership organisations in TVET
- Rebranding TVET
- Mobilizing companies to engage in TVET
- Ensuring sufficient funding for TVET
- Improving the quality of training delivery
- Deepening the collaboration of TVET schools with business and industry
- Intensifying research on TVET and future skills needs